The Canadian Press WINNIPEG — Manitoba Premier Brian Pallister says he is moving up the next provincial election by more than a year.The next vote was scheduled for October 2020, but Pallister has set the day for this Sept. 10.He had been hinting for months that he was preparing to go early.By law, the campaign can’t officially start until 28 to 35 days before Manitobans go to the ballot box.Pallister’s Progressive Conservatives were elected in 2016 with 40 of the legislature’s 57 seats — the largest majority government in Manitoba in a century.The Tories recently fulfilled their biggest campaign promise by cutting the provincial sales tax to seven per cent from eight.The cut is to take effect July 1, six years to the day after the former NDP government raised the tax.
APTN National NewsThe commissioner of the Ontario Provincial Police has taken to YouTube to defend his department’s handling of the Idle No More movement in light of criticism thrown at it by the courts and media.Ontario’s top cop said it’s important to understand the overall strategy and that First Nations hold a lot of the power.“First Nations have the ability to paralyze this country by shutting down travel and trade routes,” said Chris Lewis in the video posted Tuesday morning. “It is a difficult situation no matter how we view or address it.”Lewis said there have been more than 60 demonstrations to date under the Idle No More banner and there hasn’t been a report of a single injury to a protestor, member of the public or officer.The OPP was criticized last week by Ontario Superior Court Justice David Brown after failing to respond to a court injunction in Tyendinaga where a small group of Mohawks shutdown the Via Rail line for seven hours.Justice Brown also slammed police in Sarnia for not acting on two injunctions he issued to have a blockade removed there. In both cases, the protestors removed the blockade and police refused to move in on them.In Tyendinaga, the OPP said it was “too dangerous” to respond to the injunction. The protestors said they made the right choice because if they had they would have stayed longer and if they would have tried to make arrests there would have been a fight.Lewis said arrests will be made after the protests if warranted. Police told Tyendinaga protestors they were under investigation for mischief.“These concepts and strategies developed from experience, hard work and common sense are difficult and complex to explain to the general public,” said Lewis.
“Against a backdrop of widespread conflict, large population movements and a dearth of functioning government infrastructure, transmission of poliovirus in the country has been successfully stopped,” the UN World Health Organization (WHO) said in a news release. Somalia has not reported a case of polio since March 2007, a major landmark in the intensified eradication effort launched last year to eradicate the disease in a few remaining countries, according to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, which is spearheaded by national governments, WHO, Rotary International, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF). Innovative approaches tailored to conflict areas are being credited for stopping polio – which can cause lifelong paralysis – in the country, including increased community involvement and the effective use of monovalent vaccines to immunize children in insecure areas with several doses, within a short period of time. More than 10,000 Somali volunteers and health workers repeatedly vaccinated more than 1.8 million children under the age of five by visiting every household in every settlement multiple times. “Somalia shows that when communities are engaged, children everywhere can be reached,” stated Dr. Maritel Costales, Senior Health Advisor, UNICEF New York. Somalia, which has not had a functioning national government in almost two decades, had already eradicated the disease in 2002 but became re-infected in 2005 by poliovirus originating in Nigeria. “This truly historic achievement shows that polio can be eradicated everywhere, even in the most challenging and difficult settings,” said Dr. Hussein A Gezairy, Regional Director for WHO’s Office for the Eastern Mediterranean. Following a 20-year global effort, the disease has been stopped nearly everywhere in the world with the exception of the remaining four polio-endemic countries – Afghanistan, India, Nigeria and Pakistan. Stable funding is critical to continuing global eradication efforts. Some $525 million is urgently needed for 2008-2009 to fight the disease in the remaining endemic areas and protect children in high-risk polio-free a 25 March 2008In what is being described as a major victory in the global fight against polio, the United Nations health agency announced today that the disease has been eradicated in strife-torn Somalia thanks to the efforts of some 10,000 volunteers and health workers across the Horn of Africa nation.
9 December 2008Haitians beset by a staggering rise in acts of banditry, including kidnapping, are set to benefit from a new United Nations-backed urban security plan launched by the national police, including an increased presence and nighttime patrols. Under Operation Blue Shield of the UN Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH), UN peacekeepers are expected to make up a substantial part of the patrolling force and will also double the number of mobile checkpoints. The Mission says Operation comes in response to the staggering rise in banditry, which has soared by some 40 per cent in recent months, especially in Port-au-Prince, the capital.MINUSTAH has frequently helped in cracking down on criminal and military gangs since it was set up in 2004 to help re-establish peace in the impoverished Caribbean country after an insurgency forced President Jean-Bertrand Aristide to go into exile.
The Security Council voted unanimously today to extend by another year its arms embargo against militia groups in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), condemning the continuing illicit flow of weapons into and around the vast African country.A day after Congolese began voting in their first and free elections in 45 years, the Council’s resolution expressed concern that arms trafficking is fuelling and exacerbating conflicts throughout Africa’s Great Lakes region.The 15-member body noted that militias have been exploiting the DRC’s natural resources to generate income to fund their activities. The problem is most acute in the Ituri, North Kivu and South Kivu provinces in the east of the country, where the arms embargo began in 2003.The sanctions regime has been extended by the Council until the end of July 2007. Any group or person who violates the arms embargo is subject to a travel ban and an assets freeze.The Council also called on the Group of Experts to continue its mandate of monitoring illegal arms flows for another year. Chaired by Senegal’s Ibra Deguène Ka, the Group is comprised of the following experts: the Canadian Jacques A. J. Buisson (arms trafficking), Switzerland’s Enrico Carish (finance), Abdoulaye Cissoko of Mali (aviation) and France’s Jean-Luc Gallet (customs and border control).
by David Friend, The Canadian Press Posted Oct 4, 2012 5:02 pm MDT TORONTO – The Canadian dollar moved higher Thursday after a top Bank of Canada official suggested that rising interest rates are still a medium-term possibility.The loonie rose 0.79 of a cent to 101.99 cents US, with a better than expected reading on jobless claims out of the U.S. adding to the climb. The currency has risen from the lowest levels it has tested in a month, reached on Wednesday.The direction of interest rates returned to the forefront after BoC deputy governor Tiff Macklem reiterated a statement made earlier by the central bank, saying that some modest withdrawal of the existing monetary policy stimulus could be appropriate.“The timing and degree of any such withdrawal will be weighed carefully against domestic and global economic developments,” Macklem said in notes on the speech released in Ottawa.His comments came as economists suggest that Canada continues to be buffeted by economic instability in Europe, and a slow economic recovery in the United States.Meanwhile, the U.S. Labour Department said that initial jobless claims rose last week to a seasonally-adjusted 367,000, which was better than expectations but still consistent with only modest hires.The data on claims for unemployment benefits came a day before the U.S. government’s closely watched monthly employment report. Canadian employment numbers are also slated for Friday.Overseas, the European Central Bank kept its benchmark interest rate unchanged at a record low 0.75 per cent. Investors are also awaiting news from the ECB’s monthly policy meeting.“With payroll numbers out tomorrow morning and a long Canadian holiday weekend approaching, I suspect we remain relatively range bound,” Matt Perrier, director of foreign exchange sales at BMO Capital Markets, said in a note.In commodities, November crude on the New York Mercantile Exchange moved up $3.57 to close at US$91.71 a barrel.December bullion rose $16.70 to US$1,796.50 an ounce, while December copper was ahead 0.2 of a cent at US$3.79 a pound. Loonie moves up more than half a cent following BoC interest rate comment
by Louise Dewast, The Associated Press Posted Sep 13, 2014 2:46 am MDT PARIS – Netflix is tapping into six new markets Monday hoping to gain a big subscriber base around Europe, but is facing a frosty welcome in France. Well-established French competitors are trying to head off a Netflix wave, the government wants oversight and the cinema industry wants Netflix to invest heavily in French productions.The video-streaming giant, which has more than 50 million subscribers in 40 countries, this year earmarked $400 million to expand further internationally. It’s launching now in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, France, Belgium and Luxembourg, after setting up in Britain, Ireland, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden and the Netherlands in recent years.The presence of Netflix, which has headquarters in Los Gatos, California, is welcome in most European countries, but less so in France, where Netflix hopes to reach a third of French homes in the next five to 10 years. Netflix declined to comment on its challenges in France before the official launch Monday.The company was a pioneer in the field in the U.S., and enjoyed new success by creating original content such as the series “House of Cards.” But video-on-demand services are now already well-established in many European markets.Canal+, France’s main pay-TV operator, has half a million subscribers for its CanalPlay, started in 2011, and moved Wednesday to head off a competitive blow from Netflix. Canal+, which already owns French rights to “House of Cards,” launched a new partnership with HBO as well as the possibility to pre-download series and movies to watch later without an internet connection. It also announced it will create French and American-produced TV series.“What is impressive with Netflix is its technological and marketing abilities,” said Frederic Goldsmith, from a French-based group of movie producers, “but its service isn’t new.”Patrick Holzman, CanalPlay’s director, is banking on their “French touch” and proximity with customers. “Our strategy is the same, with or without Netflix,” said Holzman.Bruno Delecour, head of FilmoTV, one of France’s first video-on-demand companies, said the buzz around Netflix is positive for the French market, because it incites new households to try video-on-demand services. But Delecour remains vigilant. The entrepreneur decided to focus on developing a specialized offer in movies rather than competing with a generalized content provider like Netflix.“We’ve been preparing for competitors for years. We made the choice to occupy one segment of the market and invested heavily accordingly.”In Germany, experts have said little impact is expected by Netflix’s arrival, as the country already offers a considerable amount of free and pay-TV.Another challenge in France is a requirement that 40 per cent of content on French radio, TV and movies in theatres must be of French origin.Because Netflix’s European headquarters are in Amsterdam, the company does not have to comply with the rule, which is designed to protect domestic creativity.But French movie and television industry experts rally around the idea of the “French Exception.” ”Offering only American series will not work,” said Pascal Rogard, director of France’s Society of Dramatic Authors and Composers.Aware of this, Netflix has already planned to produce an eight-episode television drama series called “Marseille,” written by French award-winning writer Dan Frank and set to start in late 2015.But for some contributors to French cinema, this investment effort falls short.“We welcome the competition,” said Rogard, “but only if they’re playing with the same rules.”Netflix will have to comply with some French and European regulations. Notably, they will be barred from streaming films under three years old. From January 2015 onwards, Netflix will also have to pay a two per cent tax if their annual earnings are more than 10 million euros, following a recent decision by the French Culture Ministry to tax operators based abroad.In France many close to the film industry fear Netflix will drag subscribers away from Canal+, which is currently the main financier of French-made films.“There is a particularity in France in that television channels finance domestic productions. Their level of investment is calculated according to the number of subscribers,” Florence Gastaud, head of a union of French producers and authors, explained. “Therefore if the number of subscribers goes down (as some move to a Netflix subscription), the investment in domestic production goes down.”In another possible hurdle, France’s Council of State, a body that advises the government on legal issues, on Tuesday recommended government oversight over the algorithm that Netflix uses to present series and movies, to make sure French and European content is well positioned.Developing domestic production is not such a major concern in other markets.In the Netherlands, where Netflix launched last year, on-demand media services aren’t required to adhere to a quota of 50 per cent European content for public and commercial television channels, just expected to generally promote the representation and access to European content, according to the Ministry of Education and Culture.Netflix offers catalogue Dutch films but does not offer popular Dutch TV shows. The two largest Dutch-language programming, SBS and RTL, teamed up to offer a Netflix competitor called NLZiet in July. In its latest report, the new company claims 10,000 customers — a number considerably smaller than the hundreds of thousands of Dutch Netflix subscribers.___Toby Sterling contributed from Amsterdam and Kirsten Grieshaber contributed from Berlin. Netflix gains new ground in Europe – but faces competition, regulation in film-proud France AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email
Members of the OSU women’s volleyball team during a game against Minnesota on Sept. 23 at St. John’s Arena. Credit: Massarah Mikati / Lantern PhotographerComing off its first conference win against then-No. 16 Wisconsin, the Ohio State women’s volleyball team is scheduled to host two more Big Ten foes in St. John Arena this weekend.No. 13 OSU (12-2, 1-1) will play Iowa (10-5, 0-2) at 7 p.m. on Friday before playing its only game of the season against No. 4 Nebraska (11-1, 2-0) at the same time the following day.While a key match with a top-five team looms, OSU is trying to stay focused on Iowa for now.“I won’t even watch Nebraska until Friday night,” coach Geoff Carlston said. “We don’t talk about Nebraska. It’s pretty much a swear word in our gym right now.”Senior outside hitter Katie Mitchell emphasized that OSU can’t afford to overlook Iowa, citing the Hawkeyes’ upset win over Purdue last season.“Iowa is always a game that we really need to stay focused on,” Mitchell said. “They’re one of those dark-horse teams.”Iowa is coming off a pair of losses against Nebraska but went 10-3 in nonconference play, picking up impressive wins against then-No. 25 Texas A&M and Iowa State. The Hawkeyes aren’t currently ranked in the coaches’ poll, but they have been receiving votes consistently.“They’re playing with a chip on their shoulder like we are,” Carlston said. “And they’ve had a couple big wins, so they believe. It’s a great combination for a program that’s making a mark nationally now.”On Saturday, OSU will finally turn its attention to the Cornhuskers, whose only loss this season was to No. 3 Texas on Sept. 4.“Nebraska’s a team that we know they have some of the best players in the country, and it’s going to be an absolute battle,” Mitchell said.The Cornhuskers had a pair of outside hitters named to the preseason all-Big Ten squad in senior Kelsey Fien and junior Kadie Rolfzen. They also boast one of the best passers in the conference in sophomore setter Kelly Hunter, who averages 11.45 assists per set, the second-best rate in the Big Ten.Senior middle blocker Tyler Richardson said she’s excited about playing a top-five team on OSU’s home floor.“With us beating Wisconsin this past weekend, we just keep pushing for more,” she said. “We’re ready for more.”Big blocksOSU currently ranks fifth in the Big Ten and 42nd nationally with 2.53 blocks per set. In the Buckeyes’ win over Wisconsin on Sunday, they registered a season-high 15 blocks, which helped to slow down a potent Badgers offense.“Having a physical presence on the net does make the hitters worry about not only where your diggers are, but also the block — not just as an area to hit around but an area that we’re going to stop you from even getting a chance to score,” Mitchell said.Despite its success in the blocking game, both Mitchell and Carlston said they feel that OSU can improve.“Wisconsin’s a very strong offensive program, and so to get that many blocks against an offensive unit like that says a lot about our growth,” Carlston said. “(But) our left-side blocking needs to get better … and we’ve spent a lot of time focusing on that this week.”Previous matchupsLast season, OSU only played Nebraska once and was able to pull off an upset in Lincoln, Nebraska, in five sets. The Buckeyes played Iowa twice, sweeping the Hawkeyes both times.Richardson said last year’s success against the two teams helps OSU’s confidence, but her team still needs to prepare as it normally would.“Knowing that we’ve done it in the past means we can definitely do it in the future, but I think we’re preparing for them like how we’re taking any other team in the Big Ten,” she said.OSU has traditionally dominated Iowa, owning a 59-9 all-time record against the Hawkeyes. But things haven’t been so easy against Nebraska, as the Buckeyes are just 5-10 all-time.What’s next?The Buckeyes are set to head to Illinois for a pair of away games next weekend, facing off against Northwestern on Oct. 9 and No. 7 Illinois on Oct. 10.
Farmers produce all sorts of goods in order to earn money, and soon they may be able to add renewable energy to that list.A new machine called the digester — which look like a giant silo — is able to take waste such as manure and discarded crop material and turn it into energy. The digester turns the waste into biogas, which is then fed into a nearby generator to produce electricity. This electricity is then fed back into the grid, earning the farmer a tidy profit. Up to $20,000 a month, in fact.AdChoices广告And not only does the digester provide additional revenue and a renewable source of energy, it also utilizes materials that would otherwise go to waste. The project is being funded by New Englad Organics, who expect it to cost around $2.5 million before all is said and done. And it sounds like farmers in the region are excited about it.“Milk and power are both livelihoods for us,” farm owner Randy Jordan told CNet. “I want to do it all and I’ll just keep cows as a hobby.”
Facebook Twitter: @NeosKosmos Instagram Greece’s unemployment rate rose to 26.9% in April, up from 26.8% on the previous month, according to the Hellenic Statistical Authority (Elstat).Figures released on Thursday set the total number of unemployed in April at 1,337,621, the employed at 3,636,042 and economically inactive at 3,337,051. This means that the country’s unemployment figures have grown by almost a million in five years. In April 2008, a few months before the onset of the crisis, 380,775 people were recorded as unemployed. Youth unemployment remained extremely high, running at 57.5% in the 15-24 age group. The unemployment rate for women (30.5%) is higher than that for men (24.2%). The jobless rate is expected to dip when the new figures released for the month of May past, will take into consideration temporary employment in the tourism industry and government sponsored employment schemes for a short period of time.
Un engin Soyouz baptisé en hommage à Youri GagarineAujourd’hui à 14h18 GMT, la Russie a lancé l’engin Soyouz TMA-21 baptisé “Youri Gagarine” en hommage au premier astronaute à avoir voyagé dans l’espace. Celui-ci doit amener trois astronautes à la Station spatiale internationale (ISS).Le 12 avril prochain, ce sera le 50e anniversaire du tout premier voyage dans l’espace réalisé en 1961 par le russe Youri Gagarine. A cette occasion, la Russie a décidé de rendre hommage au cosmonaute et son vol historique en baptisant son engin Soyouz TMA 21 du nom du héros spatial. “Youri Gagarine” a décollé cet après-midi à 14h18 GMT, du cosmodrome de Baïkonour au Kazakhstan.À lire aussiSpaceX : un satellite d’Elon Musk manque d’entrer en collision avec un satellite de l’ESALa mission de l’engin est de conduire jusqu’à la Station spatial internationale (ISS) trois astronautes, deux Russes et un Américain censés rejoindre l’équipage déjà sur place.”C’est la première fois qu’un véhicule est nommé en hommage à quelqu’un. Dès que nous avons su que c’était le cas, et surtout que le nom de Youri Gagarine allait être utilisé pour nommer l’engin Soyouz, nous avons été très heureux”, a indiqué Alexander Samokutyaev, qui réalise à bord du Soyouz TMA-21 son premier voyage dans l’espace. “Honneur incroyable”, selon l’astronaute américain Ron Garan, l’évènement est d’autant plus important que la Russie n’a pas lésiné sur les détails.L’engin arbore une photo plus grande que nature de l’astronaute russe équipé de son casque et de sa combinaison, ainsi que le nom et un logo géant indiquant les 50 ans d’anniversaire de la mission. A l’origine, “Youri Gagarine” était censé décoller le 29 mars dernier mais un incident au niveau des communications radio a conduit à reporter le lancement à aujourd’hui. L’engin spatial reviendra sur Terre en septembre prochain, en même temps que les trois astronautes. Le 4 avril 2011 à 18:16 • Emmanuel Perrin
After losing an election that was the most expensive — and some say annoying — in state history, outgoing Sen. Mark Begich has proposed a bill that would curtail political calls to voters’ homes.Download AudioBegich proposes to expand the “Do Not Call” registry to superPACs and political non-profits. Americans have registered more than 217 million phones on the “Do Not Call” list, but that only keeps commercial telemarketers at bay. The Begich bill would require political groups that can raise and spend unlimited amounts of cash to abide by the same rules that apply to telemarketers. It would also prohibit robocalls to any phone on the registry and ban telephone push-polling in general. It does not cover candidates or political parties.More than $57 million was spent on Alaska’s 2014 Senate race, most of it by outside groups of the sort Begich is targeting in the bill. Although Begich lost to Republican Dan Sullivan, the outside money favored Begich. Some $22 million was spent on behalf of Begich, compared to about $18 million to help Sullivan.
A plane carrying 35 Russian diplomats expelled from the United States over Moscow’s alleged interference in the presidential election took off from Washington on Sunday, Russian news agencies reported.“The plane has taken off, everyone is on board,” said the Russian embassy in Washington, quoted by the state-owned RIA Novosti agency.Relatives of the diplomats are also onboard the plane flown specially from Russia, for a total of 96 passengers onboard.The expulsions were part of a package of sanctions ordered by President Barack Obama on Thursday in the final weeks of his administration.“We can confirm that the 35 Russian diplomats declared persona non grata have, along with their family members, departed the United States,” a State Department spokesman told AFP.The diplomats, described as intelligence operatives based at the Russian embassy in Washington and the consulate in San Francisco, had been given 72 hours on Thursday to leave the country.US intelligence says the Kremlin ordered a hack-and-release of Democratic Party and Hillary Clinton campaign staff emails in a bid to put Donald Trump in the Oval Office.Obama also ordered the closure of two Russian compounds in New York and Maryland that the United States says were used “for intelligence-related purposes.”Economic sanctions were also announced against Russia’s FSB and GRU intelligence agencies. Four GRU officers including agency chief Igor Korobov also face sanctions.Moscow has repeatedly denied the allegations.President Vladimir Putin has ruled out sending home US diplomats in retaliation—a move interpreted as a sign he is looking to Trump to rebuild US-Russian ties after the US inauguration on January 20.Trump has cast doubt on the US intelligence findings, saying he knows “things that other people don’t know” about the situation. The populist billionaire is seeking closer ties with Putin.
BNP secretary general Mirza Fakhrul Islam Alamgir.BNP on Monday said there is no reason for Bangladesh to provide its land to India in Brahmanbaria to expand Agartala airport, reports UNB.”There’ve been media reports about it (India’s desire to use Bangladeshi land in Brahmanbaria). We’re closely observing the matter,” said BNP secretary general Mirza Fakhrul Islam Alamgir.He further said, “Bangladesh government hasn’t agreed yet, and there’s no question about providing any land. There’s no reason to give our land to any other country.”Fakhrul came up with the remarks while talking to reporters after placing wreaths at BNP founder Ziaur Rahman’s grave along with leaders and activists of Jatiyatabadi Swechchasebak Dal, marking its 39th founding anniversary.Media reports said India wants a piece of Bangladesh’s land in Brahmanbaria to expand the Agartala airport, but the country is yet to make any proposal in this regard.Fakhrul said their party is not ‘optimistic’ about getting any positive outcome to resolve the outstanding problems with India from the visit of its external affairs minister S Jaishankar.”We’ve been hearing for 10-12 years that the Awami League government’s relation with India reached the highest level, but we still didn’t get the fair share of water from the Teesta River. Border killing could not be stopped while no step has been taken to remove the trade deficit with India,” he said.The BNP leader said Bangladesh’s no pending issue with India has so far been resolved. “But India solved its own problems with us. That’s why we can’t be optimistic and we also don’t expect much from this visit.”S Jaishankar is scheduled to arrive in Dhaka on Monday night to discuss bilateral issues and prime minister Sheikh Hasina’s upcoming visit to India.Fakhrul protested prime minister Sheikh Hasina’s remark involving Zia with the assassination of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in 15 August 1975, saying the ruling party is trying to distort history.”It’s historical fact that Ziaur Rahman in no way was involved with the assassination. Their people (AL leaders) were involved with it (the murder of Bangabandhu). Those who formed the government and parliament after the assassination were involved with it,” he observed.Fakhrul criticised industries minister Nurul Majid Mahmud Humayun as he accused BNP of involving in rawhide disaster, and said the minister made such an imprudent comment to hide his failure.He said the current government has failed to run the country as it lacks people’s mandate. “There’s no representative of people both in the government and parliament. The unelected ministers have nothing to do except making unguarded remarks.”The BNP leader alleged that the government is trying to be the ‘master’ of people by eliminating politics and political parties. “They want the country to be run by a single party, but people won’t let it happen.”He warned that people will surely restore democracy in the country through a movement as they did in the past.
* Cotton and cotton blends: Cotton has always been a preferred fabric for every age group with a wide range of prints, textures and motifs. With its unique features and multipurpose approach, cotton has become a largely used fabric in the garment manufacturing sector. * Bamboo and bamboo blends: Bamboo fabric is very soft, often described as feeling like cashmere. This is because the bamboo fibre itself is naturally round and smooth without any chemical treatment. It can be worn directly to the skin due to no sharp spurs to irritate the skin due to its organic nature. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Bamboo fibres are also quite long which means that there is less piling of the fabric than in the cheaper varieties of cotton. The softness and quality of the fabric itself seems to stand up to multiple washings. * Rayon and rayon blends: Rayon and its blends are made of natural cellulose which is chemically processed to produce fibres. Its ability to absorb humidity makes it a perfect fabric for summer just like linen or cotton. Rayon should be dry cleaned due its shorter durability.* Fine polyester and polyester blends: It is an ideal fabric for warm garments and soft accessories such as blankets, caps, mittens, and bibs.
During the Great Depression, which lasted from 1929 to 1939, the U.S. government sent a multitude of photographers out around the country to document the pains and trials that many Americans were suffering during this time. It was meant to be a way to help show American life during the Depression, especially the struggles of rural life. The photographers captured families living in shacks, children dressed in rags, workers in factories, and the farmers who spent hours outdoors trying to save their crops.They would also document the eerie landscapes that featured abandoned homes falling apart. But it wasn’t all just somber photos. Photographers would also document friends playing, siblings laughing together, and sometimes even pets.Fennel Corbin who is being resettled on new land, Virginia.Before heading out to capture images, the photographers were briefed over what the photography board wanted to see.Boy selling pecans by road, near Alma, Georgia.The board, headed by Roy Stryker, a photographer and economist who worked for the Farm Security Administration, was very specific in their requests and had extremely high standards.Setting out rows of celery, Sanford, Florida.So high, in fact, that if Stryker reviewed a negative that he found to be of poor quality, he would punch a hole into it which would prevent the image from ever being used again.An employee of the grapefruit canning plant at Winter Haven, Florida.The small yet obvious hole in the photo would be placed in various areas. One might block out the face of a person while another would be placed up in a corner looking like a dark sun over a vast field.Children of a sharecropper, North Carolina.Some of the best slang from the 1930s era.Cutting hay, Windsor County, Vermont.The checklist Stryker used to determine whether the image was used or not isn’t really known. However, sometimes if the image wasn’t focused or taken with a tripod, it could mean an instant hole punch.Iran hostage crisis – Iranian students storm the U.S. embassy in Tehran.Other times, if the negative showed success in certain areas that could make a specific group of people look bad at the time, it would also be ruined by him.Kids, Jackson, Ohio.For instance, many photographs of African-Americans were excluded by Stryker, especially if it showed them to looking affluent, something which went against the socioeconomic ideas of the time.Picking stringbeans near Cambridge, Maryland.This process was extremely controversial. Photographers who spent hours traveling around trying to find the perfect shot were dismayed when their negatives were ruined by Stryker’s hole puncher.Postmaster at Old Rag, Shenandoah National Park, Virginia.He would constantly criticize photographers for not focusing on the subject well or for taking too many photos of the same subject. As former photographer Ben Shahn once said, “Roy was a little bit dictatorial in his editing and he ruined quite a number of my pictures, which he stopped doing later. He used to punch a hole through a negative. Some of them were incredibly valuable.”Residents of Camden, Tennessee.Another photographer, Edwin Rosskam, stated, “The punching of holes through negatives was barbaric to me. I’m sure that some very significant pictures have in that way been killed off, because there is no way of telling, no way, what photograph would come alive when.”The association was filled with many talented photographers, most of whom are well-known today. Dorothea Lange, Walker Evans, Theodor Jung, and Arthur Rothstein, to name a few, ventured across the South to document life during these years. Stryker continued his hole punching trademark for years, until 1939 which he finally listened to the pleas of the photographers to stop ruining their work.Steelworker’s son, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.The pictures you see here are just a handful of the images that Stryker deemed to be of bad quality.While thousands of images might not have been used by Stryker, many of the ruined negatives were saved and digitized into the Library of Congress’ system. Many are also on view at the Whitechapel Gallery in London.Read another story from us: Horseback librarians during the Great DepressionThe images are an interesting window into the past and tell the intricate story of the lives of those who lived during this time, making them a true historic treasure.Rachel Kester is a freelance writer who has written for sites like 30A and Mystery Tribune and lives in the great state of Virginia.
Videos | Computed Tomography (CT) | July 30, 2019 VIDEO: New Advances in CT Imaging Technology Cynthia McColl… read more Breast Density in the NewsIn recent years, breast cancer advocacy groups, such as the aptly named AreYouDense.org, have been spreading the word about the problems associated with dense parenchyma. They also have spotlighted many women who felt that their cancers would have been detected much earlier had they been told of their dense breast tissue.These efforts have been covered widely by the mainstream media. In 2010, the Los Angeles Times said of breast density, “It just might be the greatest cancer risk you’ve never heard of.” Arthur Agatston explains the history of CT calcium scoring Video Player is loading.Play VideoPlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 9:54Loaded: 1.67%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -9:54 Playback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedCaptionscaptions settings, opens captions settings dialogcaptions off, selectedAudio Trackdefault, selectedFullscreenThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. 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Related Content This is an example of the output from Volpara, one of the volumetric breast density assessment tools on the market.(This article was updated in July 2016)There has been much talk in the news lately about mammographic breast density, its association with the risk of breast cancer and legislative efforts to mandate reporting it to patients. This article addresses the reasons why breast density has become such a hot-button issue and what we might expect from this topic going forward.The Breast Density-Breast Cancer ConnectionIn 1976, John Wolfe proposed a four-tiered classification of mammographic breast parenchymal patterns, after he had noticed a strong association between parenchymal pattern and breast cancer risk. The more complex (and generally denser) the parenchyma, the higher the risk of subsequent breast cancer. His top category had a breast cancer risk that was 31 times higher than that of his bottom category. Although subsequent analysis concluded that this quoted risk was vastly overstated, experts still considered the density-cancer connection to be valid.In the early 1990s, researchers studying breast density (rather than parenchymal patterns) found that density itself was a predictor of breast cancer risk. This was the basis for the American College of Radiology’s decision to incorporate a four-tiered breast composition rating as part of its Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS). The four current categories are:• Almost entirely fat (less than 25 percent glandular)• Scattered fibroglandular densities (approximately 25-50 percent glandular)• Heterogeneously dense (approximately 51-75 percent glandular)• Extremely dense (more than 75 percent glandular).Dozens of studies that have evaluated the association between breast density and breast cancer have found a four-to-six times greater likelihood of developing cancer in the densest category than in the least dense category. News | Artificial Intelligence | August 13, 2019 Artificial Intelligence Could Yield More Accurate Breast Cancer Diagnoses University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) researchers have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) system that… read more Demand for ultrasound scans at U.S. outpatient centers could grow by double digits over the next five years, according to a speaker at AHRA 2019. A variety of factors, however, could cause projections for this and other modalities to change. Graphic courtesy of Pixabay Watch a video interview on the latest breast imaging and density reporting technology advances Feature | Radiology Imaging | July 29, 2019 | By Greg Freiherr Imaging Market in U.S. Could Rise In Coming Years The coming years may be good for the medical imaging community in the United States. But they will not be easy. read more A comparision of a small breast cancer found in a patient without dense breast tissue (left), and a tumor found in a woman with dense fibroglandular tissue. For more information visit DenseBreast-info.org. SecondLook Premier software from iCAD marks potential mass (oval) and calcifications (rectangle) on left breast with dense tissue. Future DirectionAdditional studies will need to be performed to determine whether automated, volumetric breast density assessments predict cancer risk better than subjective visual assessments. With a quantitative, standardized way of reporting breast density, there is now no reason not to incorporate density data into the numerous models that calculate breast cancer risk, especially since breast density is one of the strongest independent risk factors for cancer.Other questions to consider are: Should all individuals with dense breasts get supplemental testing, such as ultrasound, MRI or BSGI, or only those whose calculated breast cancer risk exceeds a certain threshold? Which supplemental test is best? Is chemoprevention, such as with tamoxifen, indicated in these women? Are the supplemental tests or chemoprevention effective at reducing breast cancer mortality, or are they merely adding to the costs without affecting the end results? Because digital mammography has been shown to improve cancer detection in dense breasts, does digital mammography obviate the need for supplemental testing? Stay tuned for the answers. News | Breast Imaging | August 02, 2019 Volpara to Distribute Screenpoint Medical’s Transpara AI Solution Volpara Solutions and ScreenPoint Medical BV signed an agreement under which Volpara will sell ScreenPoint’s Transpara… read more Feature | June 01, 2012 | Thomas S. Chang, M.D., FACR Mammographic Breast Density — What It Means Knowledge of one’s fibroglandular breast density is important, because high density increases the risk of cancer and decreases the accuracy of mammograms Feature | August 05, 2019 | Dave Fornell, Editor Most Popular Radiology and Radiotherapy Topics in July 2019 August 5, 2019 — Here is the list of the most popular content on the Imaging Technology New (ITN) magazine website fr read more References:• Berg WA, Blume JD, Cormack JB, et al. Combined screening with ultrasound and mammography vs mammography alone in women at elevated risk of breas cancer. J Am Med Assoc 2008; 299:2151-2163.• Boyd NF, Guo H, Martin LJ, et al. Mammographic density and the risk and detection of breast cancer. N Engl J Med 2007; 356:227-236.• Kolb TM, Lichy J, Newhouse JH. Comparison of the performance of screening mammography, physical examination, and breast US and evaluation of factors that influence them: an analysis of 27,825 patient evalautions. Radiology 2002; 225:165-175.• Kopans DB. Basic physics and doubts about relationship between mammographically determined tissue density and breast cancer risk. Radiology 2008; 246:348-353.• Legislative update. www.AreYouDenseAdvocacy.org, Feb 22, 2012.• Pisano ED, Hendrick RE, Yaffe MJ, et al. Diagnostic accuracy of digital versus film mammography: exploratory analysis of selected population subgroups in DMIST. Radiology 2008; 246:376-383.• Ravn K. Breast density linked to cancer risk. Los Angeles Times, Jun 21, 2010.• Sickles EA. Wolfe mammographic parenchymal patterns and breast cancer risk. Am J Roentgenol 2007; 188:301-303.• Wolfe JN. Breast patterns as an index of risk for developing breast cancer. Am J Roentgenol 1976; 126:1130-1139. FacebookTwitterLinkedInPrint分享 Breast Density LegislationAll this media attention prompted legislators to take action. In 2009, Connecticut became the first state to require that patients be informed of their mammographic breast density and that insurance policies cover screening breast ultrasound for patients with greater than 50 percent density. Since then, Texas and Virginia have also passed breast density notifications laws. Similar efforts are under way in numerous other states. Insurance coverage has been required in Illinois since 2009, but without the requirement to inform patients.At the federal level, the Breast Density and Mammography Reporting Act of 2011, sponsored by Rep. Rosa DeLauro of Connecticut, would require written notification to patients about their breast density and availability of supplemental screening tests for women with dense breasts. This House bill is currently under review at the committee level.Although proponents of these laws argue that the more information patients have about their health, the better they can make informed decisions, many medical groups have voiced concerns. They point out that breast density is a subjective determination that varies from one radiologist to the next and even from day to day for the same radiologist. This can lead to confusion when patients are told that they have dense breasts one year, but not the year before or the year after. Did their risk actually change or was it just a different reader?Opponents also worry that patients may clamor for additional as-yet-unproven tests that they read about on the Internet, thereby driving up heathcare costs at a time when our country is trying to find ways to contain costs. Because there is much that is unknown about the best way to handle dense breasts, there is valid concern for unintended consequences. Finally, it is possible that women who are told they have fatty breasts may get a false sense of security and have screening mammograms less frequently or not at all.Read about the questions patients are most likely to ask regarding breast density. Image courtesy of Imago Systems The top piece of content in July was a video interview explaining how Princess Margaret Cancer Center is using machine learning to create automated treatment plans. This was a hot topic at the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) 2019 meeting in July. How Can We Improve Breast Cancer Detection in Dense Breasts?In the multicenter Digital Mammographic Imaging Screening Trial (DMIST), digital mammography was significantly better at showing breast cancer in pre- and perimenopausal women younger than 50 years with dense breasts than analog mammography. Thus, younger women with dense breasts should strive to have their mammograms done on digital units.The American College of Radiology Imaging Network (ACRIN) conducted trial #6666 (Screening Breast Ultrasound in High-Risk Women) at multiple sites worldwide, including the author’s imaging center. Among women at elevated risk for breast cancer and with >50 percent breast density, the addition of breast ultrasound to mammography increased the cancer detection rate by 55 percent, but with more than double the false-positive rate. The addition of a single breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) exam at the end of the study doubled the cancer detection rate over that of mammography plus ultrasound, but also with a further increase in the false-positive rate.The American Cancer Society currently recommends screening breast MRI for women with at least a 20 percent lifetime risk of breast cancer. Approximately 2 percent of U.S. women would meet this threshold. However, because the various breast cancer risk calculators do not consider breast density, the number of women who could qualify for MRI screening would be higher if density were included.Other options for evaluating dense breasts include breast-specific gamma imaging (BSGI), also known as molecular breast imaging, and positron emission mammography (PEM). Although these tests use ionizing radiation, they have one notable advantage over ultrasound and MRI — their low false-positive rates result in fewer unnecessary biopsies. Hologic offers Quantra volumetric breast density assessment software, which uses details of the X-ray imaging chain to quantify fibroglandular tissue in the breast. It aggregates volumetric measurements from each view in a study into a concise assessment for each breast. Other Problems with Dense Breast TissueDense breast tissue not only elevates the risk of breast cancer, but also makes it harder to detect mammographically. Cancers, which are white on mammograms, become hidden on a background of dense tissue, which is also white. Whereas the sensitivity of mammography for showing breast cancer is 98 percent for fatty breasts, it drops to only 48 percent for extremely dense breasts. In other words, only half of all breast cancers are visible on mammography when the breasts are dense. Another problem is that women with dense parenchyma are more likely to have breast pain or longer mammography exposure times, both of which can lead to blurry mammograms as a result of patient motion.Read the 2015 article “Making Sense of Dense Breasts,” which discusses new technologies that are available to image dense breasts. News | Mammography | August 14, 2019 Imago Systems Announces Collaboration With Mayo Clinic for Breast Imaging Image visualization company Imago Systems announced it has signed a know-how license with Mayo Clinic. The multi-year… read more Standardizing Breast Density MeasurementsIt is clear that for breast density information to be useful and to address the concerns about variability, there has to be a better way to measure density, one that is more objective and reproducible. In older research studies, radiologists had to either draw the boundaries of dense tissue on clear overlays or arbitrarily choose a shade-of-gray threshold between dense and non-dense tissue on a computer monitor. These were certainly not easily reproducible.More recent studies have used automated algorithms to determine the optimal threshold between dense and non-dense tissue on mammographic images. However, Kopans called into question the validity of using 2-D mammographic data to assess the density of a 3-D organ. He advocated the use of volumetric 3-D information for all future investigations.Commercial software for volumetric breast density evaluation is now available, including Volpara from Matakina and iCAD (for GE and Hologic digital mammogram systems, the system used in the author’s practice) and Quantra from Hologic (for Hologic digital mammogram systems). News | Mammography Reporting Software | July 26, 2019 Ikonopedia Releases Automated Combined Reporting Package at AHRA Ikonopedia showcased its recently released Automated Combined Reporting package and its entire suite of structured… read more News | PACS | August 09, 2019 Lake Medical Imaging Selects Infinitt for Multi-site RIS/PACS Infinitt North America will be implementing Infinitt RIS (radiology information system)/PACS (picture archiving and… read more Additional Resources on ITN for Breast Imaging and Dense Breast technology InformationVIDEO: Personalized Breast Screening and Breast DensityNew Technology and Clinical Data in Breast Imaging (articles from 2017)VIDEO: Advances and Trends in Breast ImagingTrends in Breast ImagingMaking Sense of Dense BreastsDense Breast Tissue: Supplemental ImagingBreast Density: Are You Informed? In SummaryMammographic breast density is one of the strongest independent risk factors for subsequent breast cancer, stronger than even age or family history. Having dense breast tissue not only increases one’s chances of developing breast cancer, but also makes cancers that do develop more difficult to detect.Breast ultrasound, MRI and BSGI all increase our ability to detect small breast cancers in dense tissue, but also increase the number of benign biopsies. Many state legislatures and the U.S. Congress have either passed or are working on laws to require that mammogram patients be informed of their breast density, so that they can seek supplemental testing, if desired. Two states now require health insurance to pay for this supplemental testing for women with breast densities in the top two density categories, encompassing roughly half of all women.These mandates make it especially important that we have in place a standardized, reproducible way to measure and report breast density. Research continues on the best way to assess breast density and on what should be done with that information.Thomas S. Chang, M.D., FACR, is a radiologist at Weinstein Imaging Associates, a specialty women’s imaging practice in Pittsburgh, Penn. The practice was a core participant in the American College of Radiology Imaging Network trial on screening breast ultrasound and breast MRI in high-risk women and was an early adopter of breast-specific gamma imaging/molecular breast imaging. Chang was president of the Mammographer’s Society of Pittsburgh and the Pittsburgh Roentgen Society and is now first vice-president of the Pennsylvania Radiological Society. He reviews manuscripts in breast and gynecologic imaging for the American Journal of Roentgenology. This is an example of the output from Volpara, one of the volumetric breast density assessment tools on the market. Video Player is loading.Cynthia McCollough explains new advances in CT technologyPlay VideoPlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 13:56Loaded: 1.17%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -13:56 Playback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedCaptionscaptions settings, opens captions settings dialogcaptions off, selectedAudio Trackdefault, selectedFullscreenThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. 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Watch a video interview on breast density from NCoBC 2016 SecondLook Premier software from iCAD marks potential mass (oval) and calcifications (rectangle) on left breast with dense tissue. 123PreviousNext Videos | Cardiac Imaging | July 30, 2019 VIDEO: The History of CT Calcium Scoring Arthur Agatston, M.D., clinical pro read more Hologic offers Quantra volumetric breast density assessment software, which uses details of the X-ray imaging chain to quantify fibroglandular tissue in the breast. It aggregates volumetric measurements from each view in a study into a concise assessment for each breast. Technology | Mammography Reporting Software | July 25, 2019 Hologic Partners With MagView to Develop Unifi EQUIP Solution Hologic announced a partnership with mammography information solutions provider MagView to develop Unifi EQUIP, an… read more
Peru is more than Machu Picchu, offering Aussie travellers the opportunity to witness some of the world’s best natural and historical attractions as well as dine in South America’s gastronomical capital. Speaking at a media luncheon late last week, PromPeru said there was more to Peru than travellers are aware of with incomparable flore and fauna, history and cuisine.With up to 30,000 Australians travelling to Peru each year, PromPeru explained the country had “everything Aussies enjoy”, including adventure, archaeology, nature and great food.“Peru has so much to offer and the most experienced adventurer, as well as the novice and more discerning traveller, will find experiences to surpass expectations in the country,” PromPeru Asia Pacific coordinator Rosana Guinea explained late last month. “Peru is one of the most popular South American destinations for the Australian market so we expect great interest from travel agents and look forward to sharing information about our key attractions, such as Cusco and Machu Picchu, as well as exciting emerging products.”Hoping to build its eco and experiential tourism opportunities, PromPeru revealed that it has commenced work with diverse communities in Peru to create sustainable tourism opportunities where tourists enjoy “unique experiences” while returning profits to the local people.Including homestays managed through locals, the sustainable method allows Aussies and others from around the world to experience the Peruvian lifestyle and culture first-hand.“Communities play a decisive role in developing these tourism initiatives and the aim is to preserve their culture whilst educating tourists and provide them with another source of income, as well as it being a conservation tool for history and the environment,” a PromPeru update read.Earlier this month the South American country’s tourism Commission recently held its annual road show across Australia, visiting Brisbane, Melbourne and Sydney.As well as showcasing the destination, the Group also highlighted the arrival of the Machu Picchu – 100 years since its discovery exhibition.Landing in Sydney on 23 November, the exhibition features photographs snapped by Peruvian photographer, Michael Tweedle.In Sydney until 30 January next year, the exhibition is hosted by the Australian Peru Chamber of Commerce and helps close the gap between Australia and Peru.Before heading over to the free exhibition held at Instituo Cervantes, Spanish Cultural Centre in Chippendale, interesting groups can also take a virtual panoramic tour of Machu Picchu by clicking this link.PromPeru held the media luncheon at Sydney’s first Peruvian restaurant, Morena in Surry Hills.Re-telling the sensational dining experience, e-Travel Blackboard will share a feature on the restaurant early next year. Source = e-Travel Blackboard: N.J
Continued employment growth in the United States pushed mortgage rates up slightly in the last week, market reports show.Freddie Mac’s Primary Mortgage Market Survey for the week ending February 12 shows the average interest rate for a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage (FRM) was 3.69 percent (0.6 point) this week, up a full 10 basis points from last week’s 2015 low of 3.59 percent.The jump followed last week’s Employment Situation Report, which estimated that employers added 257,000 new jobs in January after gains of 329,000 in December and 423,000 in November. Wages also picked up, climbing 0.5 percent after a decline of 0.2 percent in December.In its own weekly survey, Bankrate.com said the surge in job growth in recent months could push the Federal Reserve to hike interest rates as early as June.”The strength of the U.S. economy, at least for this week, was enough to overshadow the concerns about slower growth in both developed and emerging markets around the globe,” Bankrate said.Even with the sizable one-week increase, the 30-year fixed average is still barely above its May 2013 low of 3.35 percent (as measured by Freddie Mac).The 15-year FRM also moved up this week, averaging 2.99 percent (0.6 point) compared to 2.92 percent a week ago.Adjustable rates, meanwhile, averaged 2.97 percent (0.5 point) for the five-year Treasury-indexed hybrid product—a surge of 15 basis points—and 2.42 percent (0.4 point) for the one-year adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM).Bankrate’s survey turned up similar results. According to the site, the 30-year FRM averaged 3.90 percent this week, while the 15-year fixed averaged 3.17 percent. The 5/1 ARM came to an average 3.32 percent. Continued Job Growth Lifts Mortgage Rates from 2015 Lows Adjustable-Rate Mortgages Bankrate Fixed-Rate Mortgages Freddie Mac Jobs Mortgage Rates 2015-02-12 Tory Barringer in Daily Dose, Data, Headlines, News February 12, 2015 464 Views Share
Effective 7 November 2017, AirAsia will relocate operations at Singapore Changi Airport from Terminal 1 to the new state-of-the-art, fully-automated Terminal 4, opening on 31 October 2017.All AirAsia flights scheduled for 7 November 2017 will arrive at and depart from Terminal 4. Departing and arriving flight schedules will not be affected by the move.Guests departing from Terminal 4 are advised to arrive 3 hours before departure to ensure sufficient time to move through the new terminal, while those arriving in Terminal 4 are advised to inform their loved ones of the change.At Terminal 4, AirAsia will deploy 19 check-in kiosks, 14 auto bag drop machines, two document check counters and two payment counters at Row 4, with group check-in services available at Row 5. Guests will be able to check-in at home via web and mobile, print their bag tags at our self-service kiosks and drop their bags at the auto bag drop machines when they come to the airport, or proceed directly to the gate if they have no check-in baggage.“This year, the focus in Singapore is to embrace Fast and Seamless Travel (FAST). We collaborated with Changi Airport Group (CAG) to automate and innovate our check-in and airport experience. When you fly out of Changi with us, expect a fully automated service with FAST from door to gate, which integrates seamlessly into our own innovations on mobile and web,” said AirAsia Singapore CEO Logan Velaitham.Terminal 4 can be reached via taxi, private hire cars, bus and personal transportation. Those using MRT services will need to head to Terminal 2 arrival hall and take the free shuttle bus service that will ferry guests to Terminal 4. The shuttle bus will be available every 10 minutes for 24 hours a day, every day of the week. AirAsiaairlinesChangi AirportSingapore